ADNDRC was jointly established by the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC) and the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC) in 2002. It was established as a charitable institution in Hong Kong and remains today the same status.
Since the inception of ADNDRC, CIETAC and HKIAC have been operating respectively as the Beijing Office and Hong Kong Office of the ADNDRC, providing domain name dispute resolution services under the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP).
In 2006, the Korean Internet Address Dispute Resolution Committee (KIDRC) joined the ADNDRC and started to operate as the Seoul Office.
In 2009, the ADNDRC announced the opening of its Kuala Lumpur Office operated by the Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (KLRCA).
As a dispute resolution service provider accredited by ICANN, the Centre administers domain name dispute resolution proceedings through its four offices not only under the UDRP, but also under the following ICANN policies:-
"ADNDRC is also a Dispute-Resolution Service Provider approved by the OP3FT [https://www.op3ft.org/en/main.html] to resolve disputes concerning Frogans addresses [https://www.frogans.org/en/main.html]. The dispute policy for Frogans Addresses (UDRP-F [https://www.frogans.org/en/resources/udrpf/access.html]) is based on the UDRP.
- Uniform Rapid Suspension System (URS)
- Trademark Post Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedure (TM-PDDRP)
- Registrar Transfer Dispute Resolution Policy (TDRP)
- Sunrise Dispute Resolution Policy (SDRP)
- Charter Eligibility Dispute Resolution Policy (CEDRP)
Overview of the Organisations Operating the Four Offices
China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (CIETAC)
CIETAC is the leading international commercial arbitration institution in China, with its headquarters in Beijing. It was originally established in April 1956 within the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade. Its current Panel of Arbitrators, selected and appointed from among Chinese and foreigners with special knowledge and practical experience in trade and economics, science and technology, law and other fields, contains 518 arbitrators who come from more than 30 countries and regions around the world. The foreign arbitrators and the arbitrators from the Hong Kong SAR, the Macau SAR and Taiwan amount to 174. Up to now, CIETAC has concluded over 10,000 cases and become one of the well-known international arbitration institutions in the world.
CIETAC is one of two, the other being HKIAC, domain name dispute resolution providers for .cn ccTLD.
Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC)
HKIAC is an independent non-profit organization established in 1985 to assist disputing parties to solve disputes by arbitration and by other means of alternate dispute resolution. One of its main objectives is to help Hong Kong become a leading Asian international dispute resolution center. It has co-operation agreements with 18 international arbitral and ADR bodies around the world, including, among others, the International Court of Arbitration, the American Arbitration Association and the International Chamber of Commerce.
HKIAC has also been named as the domain name dispute resolution provider for the following country code top level domain names (ccTLDs), namely .cn (the Mainland of China), .hk (Hong Kong) and .ph (Philippines). Since April 2005, HKIAC has been appointed Internet Keyword disputes and Wireless Keyword disputes.
Korean Internet Address Dispute Resolution Committee (KIDRC)
The Korea Internet Address Dispute Resolution Committee("KIDRC") was established in accordance with the Article 16 of the Act on Internet Address Resources(enacted on January 20, 2004), with the aim to prevent Cyber-squatting in Internet Address and use of Internet Address in bad faith.
The KIDRC panels consist of justices, district attorneys, lawyers, professors, patent attorneys and researchers of good reputation with substantial experience and expertise in related issues involving Internet Address. The KIDRC currently is the sole dispute resolution provider for .kr and .한국 domain names. The Korea Internet & Security Agency("KISA") handles the administrative affairs of the KIDRC.
Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (KLRCA)
The Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (KLRCA) is a non-profit non-governmental international arbitral institution which was established in 1978 under the auspices of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Organisation (AALCO). It is the first regional centre established by AALCO in Asia to provide institutional support as a neutral and independent venue for the conduct of domestic and international arbitration proceedings in Asia. The KLRCA has been offering domain name dispute resolution services since 2003.
The KLRCA’s current Panel of Arbitrators comprising experts in various fields contain a total 777 international and domestic arbitrators and mediators from all around the world. Currently, the KLRCA administers more than 150 cases a year with the value of disputed amounts adding up to about RM4bil.
The KLRCA has been appointed the .my domain name dispute resolution service provider by the Malaysian Network Information Centre (MYNIC), which administers the .my domain.
ADNDRC is governed by a Council composed of leading professionals who are specialised in dispute resolution, intellectual property, Internet, and e-commerce.
Under the ADNDRC Council, there are two committees, namely, the Panel Selection Committee and Business Development and Promotion Committee.
The ADNDRC Secretariat is responsible for the administration of ADNDRC, which includes providing support to the Council and its sub-committees and liaising with the relevant organisations and other stakeholders. The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General who will report to the Chairman and the Council.